What's the best treatment for scars?
Acne scars are stubborn, and no single treatment is best for everyone. One or a combination of the following approaches might improve the appearance of your skin, depending on your scar type, your skin type and the severity of the scarring.
When a wound heals, it may eventually turn into a scar. Facial scars come in numerous forms and may be caused by injuries, acne, burns, or surgery. Since your face is constantly exposed to the environment, scars on this part of your body may have a harder time healing. Whereas you may be able to cover up or protect other areas of your body while a wound heals, your face is open to the elements for most of the day. It may not be possible to fully protect wounds on the face as they heal, and it may be difficult to keep treatments (e.g., ointments, creams) from rubbing away. The good news is that if you’re looking to treat facial scars, you have a lot of options to consider.
Chemical peels contain mild acids that are applied in a single layer on the skin. As a result, the upper layer of skin (epidermis) exfoliates and rolls off, exposing a new layer of skin.
There are three types of chemical peel:
Deep peel: This peel uses phenol and is the most common type used for scars because it gets deeper into the skin.
Superficial peel: This peel has milder effects and might improve discoloration associated with minor scars.
Medium peel: While also used for discoloration, the glycolic acid in this peel is most often used for antiaging treatments.
Laser skin resurfacing?
Laser skin resurfacing is a proven way to help reduce wrinkles, age spots, acne scars, and other blemishes as well as tighten skin and balance tone. But precisely because lasers can do so much, and vary widely in how they act on your skin, it is hard to know where to start when researching treatment—even the most perfunctory search reveals a slew of competing devices and methods.
Ablative laser resurfacing also heats the skin layers underneath to promote collagen production, which stimulates skin in the treatment area to heal in a smoother, more even appearance.
What to expect after the procedure
The client will be required to:
Clean the treatment area after the first 24 hours and then four to five times a day thereafter.
Apply an ointment, such as petroleum jelly, after cleaning to prevent scabs from forming.
Laser resurfacing patients also can expect the treated area to:
Swell for 24 to 48 hours after treatment.
Itch or sting for 12 to 72 hours after treatment.
Slough and peel off old skin five to seven days after treatment.
Healing typically takes 5 to 10 days, depending on the size and location of the procedure. After the treatment area is
fully healed, patients should:
Use only oil-free makeup for at least two to three months.
Avoid sun exposure and apply an appropriate sunscreen to the area, which will have a ligther appearance following resurfacing.
Keep new skin well-moisturized.
Skin needling also called collagen induction therapy or needle dermabrasion is the technique of rolling a device comprising a barrel studded with hundreds of needles, which create thousands of micropunctures in the skin to the level of the papillary to mid-dermis. With this technique, the device is usually continued until bruising occurs, which initiates the complex cascade of growth factors that finally results in collagen production. Results generally start to be seen after about 4 weeks, but the full effects can take at least three months to occur and, as the deposition of new collagen takes place slowly, the skin texture will continue to improve over a 12-month period.9 The optimal scars to treat with skin needling are the same as fractional laser resurfacing—rolling acne scars and superficial boxcar scars.
Compared to other resurfacing procedures, this technique has many advantages. First, it is purposed to be safe in all skin types and to carry the lowest risk of post inflammatory hyperpigmentation when compared to laser resurfacing, chemical peels, or dermabrasion.